Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Hypoplectrus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, plektron = sting, spur (Ref. 45335); atlahua: Named for Atlahua, the 'deity of the waters' in Aztec mythology (a water goddess, protector of fishermen
and archers); noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 92994). Temperate; 22°N - 21°N (Ref. 92994)
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92994)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: 14-16 total gill rakers (GR) on first arch including rudiments; snout length is rather small, 11.8-13 % SL; upper jaw large, 18.8-23.2% SL; pectoral fins long, 35.3-38.8% SL, pelvic fins, 26.8-27.4 % SL; pelvic fins do not reach anal fin; body colour basically dark brown with anterior violet speckles, lines, and a well-marked dot over the rear edge of opercle, no distinct dark spots (nose, pectoral-fin base, and caudal peduncle) (Ref. 92994).
This species currently has no information on ecology except that it is found in shallow waters less than 20 m, where it is hooked by fishermen (Ref. 92994).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tavera, J. and P.A. Acero, 2013. Description of a new species of Hypoplectrus (Perciformes: Serranidae) from the Southern Gulf of Mexico. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 19(1):29-38, (Ref. 92994)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00680 - 0.04650), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).