Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 18 m (Ref. 26938). Subtropical; 37°N - 18°N, 100°W - 74°W
Western Atlantic: North Carolina to Florida (rare in Keys) and Texas, USA. Reported from Mexico and Cuba (Ref. 26340).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Stubby sea bass with a pointed snout.
Occurs from water's edge to at least 18 m depth, often in silty water. Synchronously hermaphroditic. Not a coral-reef species (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.3 - 27.5, mean 24.9 °C (based on 173 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00514 - 0.02340), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.57; tmax=5
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 209 [71, 474] mg/100g; Iron = 1.33 [0.69, 2.73] mg/100g; Protein = 18.2 [16.4, 20.0] %; Omega3 = 0.41 [0.23, 0.77] g/100g; Selenium = 13.1 [6.3, 30.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 34.4 [9.8, 135.2] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.16 [0.76, 1.82] mg/100g (wet weight);