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Serrasalmus spilopleura  Kner, 1858

Speckled piranha
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Serrasalmus spilopleura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Serrasalmus spilopleura (Speckled piranha)
Serrasalmus spilopleura
Picture by Teixeira de Mello, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Serrasalmidae ()
Etymology: Serrasalmus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus + Latin, salmo = salmon (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Kner.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.0 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 18.   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672), preferred ?; 1°N - 15°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Guaporé River basin (Ref. 39031). Reported from the Paraná River basin, Argentina (Ref. 5630).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26147); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56003)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal soft rays: 31 - 35; Vertebrae: 35

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jégu, M., 2003. Serrasalminae (Pacus and piranhas). p. 182-196. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 39031)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00921 - 0.03597), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.