Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: Thamnaconus: Greek, thamna = shrub + Greek, konos, -ou = cone (Ref. 45335). More on author: Waite.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 46 - 360 m (Ref. 50734), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28618)
Better reference needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.3 - 15.8, mean 14.3 °C (based on 18 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01006 - 0.04340), b=2.93 (2.75 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.3 [13.2, 102.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.23 [0.63, 2.59] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.4, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.177 [0.074, 0.396] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.6 [5.3, 34.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 57.2 [13.8, 233.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.998 [0.539, 1.826] mg/100g (wet weight);