Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Mrigal carp : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795)

Mrigal carp
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Image of Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Mrigal carp)
Cirrhinus cirrhosus
Picture by Lovshin, L.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Cirrhinus: Latin, cirrus = curl fringe (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.

The species Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822) is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870) following Menon (1999: Ref. 41236). Please send references, or more studies are needed.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين; لب شور موجوداتی که در محدوده وسیعی از آبهای آزاد از نزدیک بستر و یا روی کف بستر، در قسمت های میان آبی تا سطح آب و در برخی گونه ها با قابلیت پرواز، زندگی و تغذیه می کنند.; رود رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 5 - ? m (Ref. 4832). Tropical; 28°N - 7°N

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Asia: native to large rivers in the Indian subcontinent (Ref. 12693). Has been so widely transported in connection to aquaculture that its natural distribution can no longer be determined (Ref. 33488).

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 33488); common length : 40.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 6028); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 12.7 kg (Ref. 4832)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 0; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 12-15; مهره ها: 39. Body plain greyish; 12-15 branched dorsal rays (Ref. 43281).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Adults inhabit fast flowing streams and rivers (Ref. 41236). Can tolerate high levels of salinity. Juveniles are omnivorous to about 5 cm TL, adults are almost entirely herbivorous. Feed on plankton, but also grazes on algae. Spawning occurs in marginal areas of the water body with a depth of 50-100 cm over a sand or clay substrate. A 6 kg female can lay a million eggs (of 1 mm diameter) (Ref. 6028). Widely cultured in India but fails to breed naturally in ponds, thus induced breeding is done. Fishery harvests 40 cm fish weighing 1000 g and of about 3 years. A very active fish that thrives in ponds but spawns in swift rivers. Fingerlings are in great demand for stocking ponds between July and November (Ref. 4832).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Roberts, T.R., 1997. Systematic revision of the tropical Asian labeon cyprinid fish genus Cirrhinus, with descriptions of new species and biological observations on C. lobatus. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 45:171-203. (Ref. 33488)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 125652)


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها


استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: با ارزش تجاري بالا; آبزي پروري: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
سوخت و ساز
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
تخم ها
نمو تخم
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
تواتر آلل ها
بيماري ها
Mass conversion
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي


گزارش های ويژه

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منابع اينترنتي

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00697 - 0.00993), b=3.04 (2.99 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.17 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 13.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  متوسط, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 4/1 – 4/4 سال (K=0.12-0.29).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 188 [86, 396] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.17 [0.53, 2.08] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.7 [15.5, 17.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.38 [0.14, 1.02] g/100g ; Selenium = 203 [72, 545] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.7 [3.5, 29.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.808 [0.368, 1.407] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.