Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Setipinna: Latin, septem = seven + Latin, pinna, -ae = fin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 9°N - 5°S, 99°E - 117°E (Ref. 189)
Western Central Pacific: river mouths of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sarawak, presumably also Java. Reported from India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Ref. 45255).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 59 - 64. Body compressed, head very short, belly with 17 to 23 plus 9 to 11 = 27 to 32 scutes from isthmus to anus. Mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting beyond the tip of the snout. Its very low gill raker count and the characteristic shape of its head and jaws distinguishes it from all other species of Setipinna.
A marine or estuarine species, but perhaps also ascending into freshwater. More data needed. Apparently a highly esteemed foodfish at the Rokan River mouth, Sumatra and presumably so in similar localities elsewhere in Indonesia, Malaysia and Sarawak.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.2 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 280 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00183 - 0.00906), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .