Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
This species is synonym of Salvelinus malma (Walbaum ,1792) in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870) following Scharpf (2006). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Polar; 0°C - ; 70°N - 68°N
North America: restricted to streams on crest of Brooks Range in Alaska from Romanzoff Mountains west to Howard Pass.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 15;
Vertebrae: 65 - 69. Lateral line straight (Ref. 27547). Pelvic fins with small axillary process; caudal slightly indented (Ref. 27547). Deep velvet black on back and sides, paler below; small bright red spots on back and sides, spots smallest and most numerous on back; largest spots smaller than pupil of eye; some or all spots may be surrounded by a blue to pale halo; leading edges of dorsal, anal and pelvic fins cream to yellow; all rayed fins dark, without spots or marks; adipose fin paler than rayed fins, with a dark posterior margin (Ref. 27547).
Found only in small headwater streams (Ref. 27547). In the winter, it congregates in flowing streams (Ref. 27547). Reported to spawn in the spring (Ref. 27547).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00470 - 0.02030), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax=3-10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .