Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Petrotilapia: Latin,petra = stone + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335); palingnathos: The name palingnathos, from the Greek pálin, meaning back or backwards, and gnáthos, meaning mouth or jaw, referring to the shorter lower jaw; a noun in apposition (Ref. 87181).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 12°S - 13°S, 34°E - 35°E
Africa: Lake Malawi in Malawi and Mozambique (Ref. 87181).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87181)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 17 - 18;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: Adult male and female Petrotilapia palingnathos have distinctly retrognathous jaws and can thus be distinguished from all other members of Petrotilapia (Ref. 87181). Furthermore, the absence of a dark submarginal band in the dorsal fin distinguishes P. palingnathos from P. microgalana, P. genalutea, P. nigra, P. chrysos, P. mumboensis, and P. pyroscelos, which have such a band (Ref. 87181). Adult males of P. palingnathos are dark gray with orange markings and scales outlined in blue with orange cheek and a blue gular area, which distinguishes them from P. tridentiger, which are light blue with dark blue bars, and from males of P. xanthos which are yellow, while those of P. flaviventris are yellow on ventral and mid-sides with scales outlined in blue (Ref. 87181).
Normally found in the shallow but not wave-washed habitat (Ref. 87181).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lundeba, M., J.R. Stauffer Jr. and A. F. Konings, 2011. Five new species of the genus Petrotilapia (Teleostei: Cichlidae), from Lake Malawi, Africa. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(2):149-168. (Ref. 87181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00687 - 0.03186), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .