Teleostei (teleosts) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Parosphromenus: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, osphromenos, osphrainomai = to smell (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: ? - 5.5; non-migratory; depth range 0 - ? m. Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: in the eastern part of the Malay Peninsula and northwards to southern Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2060)
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); In small creeks in swampy, wooded areas. Eggs shrink to the bottom and were then collected by one or both parents and were embedded among the foam bubbles in the nest (Ref. 41595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs shrink to the bottom and were then collected by one or both parents and were embedded among the foam bubbles in the nest (Ref. 41595).
Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1985. Aquarien atlas. Band 2. Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde GmbH, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. (Ref. 2060)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
for Parosphromenus paludicola' title='Maturity
for Parosphromenus paludicola' target='_blank'>MaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
for Parosphromenus paludicola' title='Aquaculture profile
for Parosphromenus paludicola' target='_blank'>Aquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).