Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Myanmar (Ref. 4832) and Bangladesh (Ref. 41236).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
Found in rivers above tidal reaches and culture ponds (Ref. 41236). Mainly herbivorous, feeding on diatoms, blue-green and green algae, higher aquatic plants, insects and detritus (Ref. 4832). Spawning occurs during the southwest monsoon in the Western Ghats (Ref. 44177).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00654 - 0.01108), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.18; Fec=64,770).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 134 [46, 258] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.794 [0.522, 1.221] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [15.7, 17.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.237 [0.114, 0.502] g/100g ; Selenium = 324 [153, 707] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.47 [2.75, 11.88] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.22 [0.79, 1.82] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.