Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Gerreidae
Etymology: Eucinostomus: Greek, eu = good + Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Nichols.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - 45 m (Ref. 5217), usually - 10 m (Ref. 3722). Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 29°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Bermuda to Florida, USA and the Bahamas; also Antilles and south American coast from Venezuela (Ref. 26938) to Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3722)
Generally found over vegetated sand grounds and over mud bottoms in mangrove areas (Ref. 3722). May form aggregations. Probably feeds on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 5217). Marketed fresh but not highly esteemed; processed into fishmeal (Ref. 3722).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.1 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 730 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00785 - 0.02215), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .