Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Danionidae
(Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: Barilius: Latinization of 'barila', presumably a Bengali local name for Barilius barila, but it lacks a proper reference (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021, after information from native speakers).; signicaudus: Derived from the Latin signum, meaning flag or sign, and cauda, meaning tail. A noun.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Khwae Noi and Khwae Yai branches of the Maeklong River, Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93076)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: caudal fin- base with a large, elongated blotch (formed by the fusion of the large caudal spot at the fleshy end of the caudal base and the last vertical bar on the flank) that extends about 1/3 of the distance from the caudal-fin origin beyond the last scale on the caudal base to the margin of the caudal fork; anal-fin origin opposing the 2nd-4th branched dorsal-fin rays; eight scale rows above the lateral line; 36 or more precaudal lateral-line scales; dorsal fin with dark pigment concentrated mainly along the margins of the rays; small dentary tubercles; and, if present, a short, small pair of rostral barbels (Ref. 93076).
Inhabits mountainous areas in fast-flowing streams and small rivers with clear water and gravel or cobble bottoms. Juveniles occur near shallow shorelines and behind large rocks where the flow is slower. Sympatric with Barilius koratensis, Poropuntius melanogrammus, Mystacoleucus marginatus, Garra spp., Rasbora cf. rasbora, Rasbora paucisqualis, Microdevario kubotai, Crossocheilus siamensis, Labiobarbus sp., Acanthocobitis zonalternans, Schistura spp., Nemacheilus pallidus, Botia morleti, Glyptothorax spp., Batasio tigrinus, Xenenthodon sp., Parambassis siamensis, Tetraodon sp. (Ref. 93076).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tejavej, A., 2012. Barilius signicaudus, a new species of cyprinid fish from Maeklong Basin, western Thailand (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3586:138-147. (Ref. 93076)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00316 - 0.01588), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .