Nothobranchius rachovii, Bluefin notho : fisheries, aquarium

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Nothobranchius rachovii Ahl, 1926

Bluefin notho
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Image of Nothobranchius rachovii (Bluefin notho)
Nothobranchius rachovii
Picture by Plistil, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Nothobranchiidae (African rivulines)
Etymology: Nothobranchius: Greek, nothos = false + Greek, brangchia = gill (Ref. 45335);  rachovii: Named in honour of Arthur Rachow (Ref. 97289).
More on author: Ahl.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.0; dH range: 4 - 6; non-migratory. Tropical; 20°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 19°S - 20°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: temporary pools and swamps or water-filled depressions in the lowland floodplains of the lower Pungwe River and lower Zambezi River (Ref. 85866), probably also in floodplains of other rivers between Pungwe and Zambezi River (Ref. 85866).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 15 - 18. Diagnosis: Nothobranchius rachovii is distinguished from other species of the genus by the following combination of characters: in males, a bright colouration consisting of alternating light blue and orange-red bars on the body and fins, orange-red head, and orange subterminal and black terminal bands in the caudal fin (Ref. 85866). It can be distinguished from the other species of the subgenus Nothobranchius as follows: from N. furzeri by male colouration, higher number of dorsal fin rays, 15-17 vs. 14-15, and a lower number of scales on the mid-longitudinal series, 26-28 vs. 28-30; from N. orthonotus by male colouration, lower number of scales on the mid-longitudinal series, 26-28 vs. 28-33, and shape of the dorsal profile, convex vs. flat; and from N. kadleci by male colouration and shape of the frontal region, higher number of dorsal and anal fin rays, 15-17 vs. 13-14 and 15-17 vs. 13-14 (Ref. 85866). Females can be distinguished by the presence of a reflective light blue spot on all scales of the flanks, vs. few, irregularly dispersed light blue-green spots in N. furzeri and N. kadleci or frequent presence of brown spots on body and fins in N. orthonotus (Ref. 85866). Nothobranchius rachovii can also be distinguished from all other species of the genus by its low number of diploid chromosomes, 2n=16 (Ref. 85866).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in water-filled depressions in the floodplains of rivers; water depth is variable and decreases as the dry season progresses, eventually drying out completely (Ref. 85866). Littoral vegetation usually consists of grasses; aquatic vegetation may consis of Nymphea, Ottelia, Lagarosiphon and Utricularia species; occasionally, the swamps are used by local inhabitants to cultivate rice (Ref. 85866). Very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Annual fish. Matures after 12 weeks. This updates previous information from Ref. 1672.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Shidlovskiy, K.M., B.R. Watters and R.H. Wildekamp, 2010. Notes on the annual killifish species Nothobranchius rachovii (Cyprinodontiformes; Nothobranchiidae) with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 2724:37-57. (Ref. 85866)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 08 January 2019


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Larval dynamics
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00444 - 0.02583), b=2.92 (2.71 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.