Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 12°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468)
Asia: Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and China. Occurrence in Taiwan doubtful.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121522); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5514); max. published weight: 62.70 g (Ref. 121522)
Inhabits rivers and lakes.
Fish gather in shallow parts of rivers for spawning. A male presses laterally against a female and stirs up the river bed by vibrating his anal fin to bury released eggs. Satellites commonly cannibalize eggs (Ref. 5514).
Chen, I.-S., J.-H. Wu and C.-H. Hsu, 2008. The taxonomy and phylogeny of Candidia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Taiwan, with description of a new species and comments on a new genus. The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:203-214. (Ref. 79878)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00409 - 0.01066), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=600).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .