Butis koilomatodon, Mud sleeper : fisheries

You can sponsor this page

Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker, 1849)

Mud sleeper
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Butis koilomatodon   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Butis koilomatodon (Mud sleeper)
Butis koilomatodon
Picture by Sazima, I.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Gobiiformes (Gobies) > Butidae (Marine gudgeons) > Butinae
Etymology: More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 46888). Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Delagoa Bay, Mozambique and Madagascar to China and Philippines (Ref. 6802, 82489). Eastern Atlantic: collected from Port Harcourt (Niger delta in Nigeria) (Ref. 7391, 57413), apparently introduced (Ref. 7050). Also found (introduced) in Guinea and Cameroon (Ref. 82489). Other introduced populations are known from Panama, Venezuela and Brazil (Ref. 82489).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57413)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9. Diagnosis: 11-15 scales in predorsal series; 25-29 ctenoid scales in longitudinal series (including 1-2 scales on caudal fin base); 9-12 scales in rearward transverse series; 1st dorsal fin: VI; second dorsal fin: I,8 (rarely 7); anal fin: I,7-9 (usually 8); pectoral fins: 19-22; pelvics relatively long, their tips almost, or just reaching level of anus; caudal fin rounded, with 11-16 segmented rays (Ref. 57413, 82489). 1st gill arch with 4-5 gill rakers on epibranchial, 6-8 on ceratobranchial (Ref. 82489), about 12 in total, that are narrow and spine-like (Ref. 57413). Dark brown, scales edged in dark brown (Ref. 5493). Body with 4-5 oblique bands (Ref. 5493, 82489), crossing dorsum at nape, 1st dorsal fin, 2nd dorsal fin and caudal peduncle (one or two)(Ref. 82489). Anterior part of 1st dorsal fin dark, 2nd dorsal and caudal fin with alternating dark brown and white spots, anal and pelvic fins dusky to black, pectorals clear; females with more distinct bands and lighter fins (Ref. 5493). Coloration: Preserved specimens: 2-3 longitudinal series of small dark spots above midline of flanks; broad, dark, crossbar running from each dorsal fin base towards belly, bifurcating on flanks into separate bands; 2 narrower crossbars on caudal peduncle; a lunate band on base of caudal fin; dark pre- and suborbital bands on head, confluent below eye; dark spot behind eye and light horizontal band running to posterior of operculum; snout marbled; 3 dark crossbars on nape preceding a light area in front of 1st dorsal-fin base; ventral area of head speckled; both dorsal fins with a dark proximal band; 1st dorsal fin more or less entirely dark to distal margin; 2nd dorsal fin with dark distal margin; anal and pelvic fins black, except distal area of pelvic fins lighter; pectoral fins with a dark spot at base (edged red in life) and an upper, smaller, dark spot sometimes evident (Ref. 57413).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rivers, estuaries (Ref. 4967) and mangrove creeks (Ref. 10812). Feeds on crustaceans and small fishes. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Maximum size recorded in West Africa was 8.3 cm TL (Ref. 57413).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Miller, P.J. and P. Wongrat, 1990. Eleotridae. p. 952-957. In J. C. Quéro, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 10812)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 31 July 2020


Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile for Butis koilomatodon' title='Aquaculture profile for Butis koilomatodon' target='_blank'>Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.8 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1224 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00489 - 0.01624), b=3.18 (3.01 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.