Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Acantholabrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 500 m (Ref. 2683), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 62°N - 1°S, 32°W - 11°E
Eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Cape Lopez, Gabon and including Madeira, Azores and the Canary Islands. Also in the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5292)
Dark spot on upper part of caudal peduncle and in the end of the spiny part of the dorsal fin (Ref. 35388).
Adults inhabit coastal waters near rocky or sandy bottoms. Feed on benthic invertebrates. Solitary (Ref. 2683). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Gomon, M.F. and P. Forsyth, 1990. Labridae. p. 868-882. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5292)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.1 - 15.1, mean 9.9 °C (based on 356 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00534 - 0.01789), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 19.5 [9.9, 35.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.25 [0.15, 0.45] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.363 [0.196, 0.691] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.51 [4.38, 20.03] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 62.4 [15.7, 259.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.838 [0.540, 1.554] mg/100g (wet weight);