Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Sphyrnidae
(Hammerhead, bonnethead, or scoophead sharks)
Etymology: Sphyrna: Greek, sphyra = hammer (Ref. 45335); gilberti: Named for Carter R. Gilbert, who first reported (Gilbert 1967) an anomalous specimen of S. lewini collected off Charleston, SC (USNM 25180) which is likely the first recorded individual of this new species (based on vertebral count and collection location).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.1 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 94083); 50.6 cm OT (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by having a head length greater than 20% of STL (stretched total length); cephalofoil has median indentation; with inner narial groove; pelvic fins with straight rear margins; 91 or fewer precaudal vertebrae (Ref. 94083).
Measurements given in STL, stretch total length (Ref. 94083).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quattro, J.M., W.B. III Driggers, J.M. Grady, G.F. Ulrich and M.A. Roberts, 2013. Sphyrna gilberti sp. nov., a new hammerhead shark (Carcharhiniformes, Sphyrnidae) from the western Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa 3702(2):159-178. (Ref. 94083)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5029 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .