Chaenogaleus macrostoma, Hooktooth shark : fisheries

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Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Bleeker, 1852)

Hooktooth shark
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Chaenogaleus macrostoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chaenogaleus macrostoma (Hooktooth shark)
Chaenogaleus macrostoma
Picture by Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Hemigaleidae (Weasel sharks)
Etymology: Chaenogaleus: chaeno-, from chaino (Gr.), gape, referring to “rictus as long as wide”; galeos, a small shark or dogfish per Aristotle (sometimes translated as weasel, hence the name Weasel Sharks, possibly referring to the pointed snouts, swift movements and/or rapacious feeding behavior of smaller predatory sharks1), but in this case probably an allusion to Hemigaleus, original genus of C. macrostoma. (See ETYFish);  macrostoma: macro-, from makros (Gr.), large or long; stoma (Gr.), mouth, referring to long, greatly arched mouth compared with Hemigaleus microstoma, its presumed congener at the time. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 59 m (Ref. 244). Tropical; 30°N - 10°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 13567), Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, China, Taiwan, Java and Sulawesi in Indonesia. This name has been used indiscriminately for the three species of hemigaleids in Indo-Pakistani waters other than Hemipristis elongatus.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 82.5, range 68 - 97 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. Bronzy-grey above, white below when fresh, fading to greyish or greyish brown in preservation, dorsal fins often with dusky or black tips (Ref. 13567).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A common inshore and offshore shark found on the continental and insular shelves (Ref. 13567). Probably feeds on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. 244). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught irregularly by inshore gillnet fisheries and occasionally by small-scale longlining (Ref.58048). Probably taken by artisanal fisheries wherever it occurs (Ref. 13567). Utilized fresh for human consumption and by-products processed into fishmeal (Ref. 244).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Viviparous (with a yolk-sac placenta), with 4 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Size at birth at least 20 cm (Ref. 244). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2d); Date assessed: 12 May 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 13567)





Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Ecology
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Common names
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Predators
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 1082 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00224 - 0.00467), b=3.02 (2.92 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.