Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Parasphyraenops: Greek, para = side, in the side + Greek, sphyra = hammer + greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 60 m (Ref. 35505). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, Curacao.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 128311)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pale, with 2 longitudinal black stripes that end as separate spots on caudal peduncle; dorsal fin deeply notched, spiny part with broad white margin; prominent black spot and smaller less distinct spot.
Found on steep slopes or vertical faces on edges of island shelves (Ref. 35505).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, C.L., 1997. National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. (Ref. 26938)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.6 - 27.6, mean 25.2 °C (based on 18 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00200 - 0.01202), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).