Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Economidis & Nalbant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Mediterranean Sea: Greece.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30222)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z3 absent in juveniles, narrower than zone 4 in adults, not densely pigmented and not fused with zone Z1 of caudal peduncle. Presence of 2 laminae circularis; 9-15 squarish blotches in zone 4 (Ref. 59043).
Found in burrows mostly in sandy to silty substrate in still to moderately flowing waters during the day. May sometimes inhabit gravel bottom and vegetation (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205). Threatened due to small distribution range, habitat alterations and risk of hybridisation with C. hellenica (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Economidis, P.S. and Teodor T. Nalbant, 1996. A study of the loaches of the genera Cobitis ans Sabanejewia (Pisces, Cobitidae) of Greece, with description of six new taxa. Trav. Mus Natl. Hist. Nat. 'Grigore Antipa' 36:295-347. (Ref. 30222)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00254 - 0.01244), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .