Teleostei (teleosts) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Dicologlossa: Greek, di = two + Greek, kolo = cut + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bennett.
In the genus Solea in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Feb. 2013: Ref. 93002).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 150 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 34°N - 17°S, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Madeira; west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Sierra Leone, also Gulf of Guinea, Congo and Angola (Ref. 5304); including the western Mediterranean (Ref. 3397).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits shallow waters, occasionally up to 150 m depth (Ref. 2683).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5304)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18.3 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 120 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00516 - 0.01539), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 183 [65, 332] mg/100g; Iron = 1.22 [0.50, 2.40] mg/100g; Protein = 19.5 [16.8, 21.8] %; Omega3 = 0.12 [0.06, 0.24] g/100g; Selenium = 24.7 [12.3, 52.2] μg/100g; VitaminA = 17.9 [5.9, 51.0] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.934 [0.602, 1.373] mg/100g (wet weight);