Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 219 m (Ref. 47377), usually 10 - 90 m. Tropical; 30°N - 34°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to northern Brazil (Ref. 7251), southern Brazil to Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul (Ref. 47377).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 21.3 - 28, mean 26.1 °C (based on 772 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00549 - 0.01997), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 207 [76, 388] mg/100g; Iron = 1.19 [0.63, 2.20] mg/100g; Protein = 17.6 [15.7, 19.3] %; Omega3 = 0.314 [0.180, 0.570] g/100g; Selenium = 58.3 [30.5, 114.2] μg/100g; VitaminA = 33.2 [11.4, 112.6] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.31 [0.92, 1.97] mg/100g (wet weight);