Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Nezumia: A Japanese word that means "mouse" . More on author: Valenciennes.
This species is often confused with Nezumia aequalis (Günther, 1878).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; non-migratory; depth range 130 - 3200 m (Ref. 3587), usually 450 - 730 m (Ref. 1371). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 43°N - 4°N, 81°W - 36°E
Atlantic Ocean: North Atlantic south to the northern part of the Gulf of Guinea in the east, into the Mediterranean Sea, and north of Straits of Florida in the west.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - 17 cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3587)
spines: 0. Snout short, bluntly acute; terminal scute broad, blunt; ventral surface of snout without scales posteriorly including most of suborbital, mandible mostly naked, pores prominent on head. Pyloric caeca 22 to 29. Body scales with slender, conical, slanting spinules arranged in converging rows. Color in alcohol brownish, paler on head, with violet tinge on abdomen, some silvery reflections; fins pale to blackish; first dorsal fin uniformly blackish; mouth and gill cavity mostly black.
Most numerous at 450 to 730 m in the open Atlantic and at 500 to 800 m in the Mediterranean. Feeds on small crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, decapods, mysids, etc.) and polychaetes (Ref. 1371)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.3 - 14, mean 12.3 °C (based on 169 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00132 (0.00076 - 0.00228), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.10-0.16; tmax=9).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .