Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes
(Bony tongues) > Notopteridae
(Featherbacks or knifefishes) > Xenomystinae
Etymology: Papyrocranus: Greek, papyros = paper rush + Greek, kranion = skull (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Nichols & LaMonte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Congo basin: Cuvette Centrale, parts of the Ubangi and probably also in the lower Congo basin (Ref. 7431). Also reported from the Kouilou-Niari in Ref. 7431, in contrast to statements in the text. Absent from the upper Congo above Kisangani, Camerounian parts of the Congo basin, and from the Chiloango, Ogooué or Chad basins (Ref. 7431).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7431)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Obligate air-breathing (Ref. 126274)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R., 1992. Systematic revision of the old world freshwater fish family Notopteridae. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 2(4):361-383. (Ref. 7431)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7510 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100).