Teleostei (teleosts) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tilapia: Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 14°N - 8°N
Africa: middle and lower courses of coastal rivers from Guinea-Bissau (Geba and Corubal Rivers) to Liberia (Cess River)(Ref. 53405). Possibly also present in Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 272).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7378)
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Diagnosis: body oblong (body depth 32.0-46.1% SL); outer teeth on jaws bicuspid and spatulated; micro-gillrakers present; transversal bands on the flanks (Ref. 53405).
Pair-bonding, open substratum spawner, with both parents guarding the brood; seems to breed throughout the year; development time of larvae, from deposition of eggs to free swimming stage, takes about 13 to 14 days (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1991. Tilapia. p. 482-508. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5163)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00827 - 0.04391), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.69).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100).