Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Phosichthyidae
Etymology: Vinciguerria: Because of Decio Vinciguerria, Italian ichthyiologist from Genova, 1856-1934 (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 2000 m (Ref. 74511), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 48°N - 57°S
Western Atlantic. Eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Congo and South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indian Ocean: off Inhaca Island, Mozambique (Ref. 3988). Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). South China Sea (Ref.74511)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3988)
Mesopelagic species, found at 250-600 m during the day and 100-500 m at night (Ref. 4778, 58302). Both juveniles and adults make short diel vertical migrations (Ref. 4778). Feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 4778). Adult photophore complement attained at about 20 mm SL (Ref. 4778). Spawns in spring and early summer (Ref. 37473).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quéro, J.-C., J.C. Njock and M.M. de la Hoz, 1990. Photichthyidae. p. 343-348. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4470)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.1 - 13.9, mean 8.5 °C (based on 878 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00382 - 0.02281), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.20 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .