Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Cyprinus: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
Body blackish gray on back, silvery white on abdomen, yellow and green luster on sides; dorsal fin grayish dark, caudal fins light yellow and lower lobe of caudal fin red. Barbels absent or with a pair of papilla at corners of mouth; outer edge of dorsal fin markedly concave.
Lives in upper and middle layers of water bodies and dwells mainly in the deep parts of lakes (Ref. 45563). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 33508) and algae (Ref. 45563). Spawning period is from April to September, peak in May and June (Ref. 45563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Luo, Y. and P. Yue, 2000. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. p. 391-433. In P. Yue et al. (Eds). Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III. Science Press. Beijing. 1-661. (Ref. 45623)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00548 - 0.02519), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .