Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Etymology: Diplectrum: Greek, di = two + Greek, plektron = sting, spur (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Bollman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 150 m (Ref. 9342), usually 60 - 90 m (Ref. 9342). Tropical; 32°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru; including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9342); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body elongate, not very deep, and little compressed, its depth contained 3.2 to 3.8 times in standard length; caudal peduncle very thick; preopercular angle with a broad "spur" consisting of 6 to 12 large spines; first gill arch with 21 to 27 gill rakers; anal rays 8; body grayish brown; flanks with indistinct dark, double, vertical bars; snout and cheeks with yellow stripes; soft dorsal fin with a dark band along its base (Ref. 55763).
Inhabits sand or muddy-sand bottoms. Probably too small in size to be of commercial importance.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Serranidae. Meros, serranos, guasetas, enjambres, baquetas, indios, loros, gallinas, cabrillas, garropas. p. 1565-1613. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9342)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.3 - 22.8, mean 17.1 °C (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00587 - 0.01555), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).