Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Takifugu: A Japanese word with several meanings; taki = waterfall + fugu = fish; it could be also understood as taki = to be cooked in liquid + fugu = a venomous fish. More on authors: Jordan & Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: Japan and southern Korea to Vietnam (Ref. 46893).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137)
During high tide, mature individuals swim ashore in large numbers and spawn on beaches. Eggs are left partially buried in sand and rubble (Ref. 240).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During high tide, mature individuals swim ashore in large numbers and spawn on beaches. Females spawn on the surface with two or more males biting and hanging on to the ventral surface of each female. Eggs are left partially buried in sand and rubble (Ref. 240).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 9137)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.1 - 26.6, mean 23.6 °C (based on 116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01085 - 0.03669), b=2.86 (2.70 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .