Teleostei (teleosts) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Nandidae
Etymology: Nandus: 'Nandus' is a Bengali local name, but it lacks a proper reference; ‘nanda’ is a Bengali fish name but probably for a different species (J. Müller, pers. comm., April 2021, after information from native speakers).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 6 - 8. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672); 38°N - 5°N
Asia: Pakistan to Thailand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)
Adults occur frequently in ditches and inundated fields. Common in summer months when it is collected from dried-up beds of tanks, beels, bheries and others. Found most commonly in standing or sluggish waters of lakes, reservoirs or canals (Ref. 12693). Feed on aquatic insects and fishes (Ref. 12693). A high-prized fish and sold fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces up to 300 eggs.
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, i-xxii + 543-1158, 1 pl. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5098 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00899 - 0.01536), b=3.03 (2.95 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 367 [141, 931] mg/100g; Iron = 1.06 [0.51, 2.27] mg/100g; Protein = 16.6 [15.2, 18.1] %; Omega3 = 0.321 [0.178, 0.566] g/100g; Selenium = 43.8 [14.9, 125.6] μg/100g; VitaminA = 42 [11, 157] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.69 [1.08, 2.64] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.