Morphology Data of Pimelodus joannis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Ribeiro, F.R.V., C.A.S. Lucena and P.H.F. Lucinda, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance males alike females
Different colors males alike females

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Pimelodus, except Pimelodus halisodous, Pimelodus jivaro, Pimelodus ornatus, Pimelodus pictus, and Pimelodus stewarti, by its supraoccipital process with a dorsal median crest; posterior nostril closer to anterior orbital border (vs. posterior nostril closer to anterior nostril than to anterior orbital border); distal portion of dorsal-fin rays 2-4 with a dark spot; caudal- fin base with two dark blotches. Distinguished from Pimelodus jivaro by having a shorter maxillary barbel, extending only slightly past caudal-fin base (vs. maxillary barbel extending beyond caudal-fin base); distal portion of dorsal-fin rays 2-4 with a dark spot, and caudal-fin base with two dark blotches. Differs from Pimelodus ornatus and Pimelodus pictus by the uniform grayish to yellowish coloration (vs. presence of bands or dark dots along flanks, respectively); from Pimelodus stewarti by its shorter posterior cleithral process (10.2-12.4 vs. 12.7-15.6 % of SL); caudal-fin base two dark blotches; and supraoccipital process with dorsal median crest; from Pimelodus halisodous by its shorter pectoral-spine (15.5-18.5 vs. 20.0-23.5% of SL); shorter snout (35.8-41.8 vs. 43.1-47.9% of HL); and fewer premaxillary tooth rows (5-9 vs. 13-16) (Ref. 79502).

Description: A iv-vi,6-8; P i+7-9; V i+5 (Ref. 79502).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pimelodus joannis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 6
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 11 - 16
preanal 15 - 15
total 40 - 40


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 2 - 2
Soft-rays total 6 - 6
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   8 - 10
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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