Morphology Data of Candidia barbata
Identification keys
Main Ref. Chen, I.-S., J.-H. Wu and C.-H. Hsu, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales

Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Candidia by the following unique combination of characters: dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,9-10 rays; pectoral fin with I, 13-15 rays ; scales on lateral line 51-60; scales above lateral line11-13; scales below lateral line 4-6; predorsal scales 22-26; gill rakers 2-3 + 6-7 (total 9-10); pharyngeal teeth usually 1,4,5 -4,4,1; shallow ventral keel on the posterior half of region between pelvic fin and anus; cheek with a series of 4-6 nuptial tubercles and lower jaw in adult males with 3-5 nuptial tubercles; eye large, check depth about 1.5-2.0 times of eye diameter in adult male; body with a broad, longitudinal bluish-black stripe from upper opercle to caudal fin base, which is irregular and interrupted on anterior half region and forming a large round black mark on caudal fin base; dorsal half of lateral usually uniform dark grayish with very narrow grayish region above bluish-black stripe; ventral half with some blackish brown small spots; and eye with semicircular red-black region on the dorsal one-third to half of eye iris (Ref. 79878). Caudal peduncle slender and belly rounded; barbels 1 pair, minute and located in corner of mouth; lateral line curves downward near belly and upward to middle after reaching caudal peduncle (Ref. 45563).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Candidia barbata

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 51 - 60
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 11 - 13
Scale rows below lateral line 4 - 6
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 6 - 7
on upper limb 2 - 3
total 9 - 10


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 12 - 13

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     1
Soft-rays   13 - 15
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Pablico, Grace Tolentino
Modified by Torres, Armi G.
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