Sounds Made by Haemulon parra
Picture by Randall, J.E.

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Sound produced yes, active sound production
Type of sound produced grunts
Sound production organ pharyngeal teeth & swim bladder (similar to Haemulon album)
Sound mechanism pharyngeal teeth stridulation amplified by adjacent swim bladder (similar to Haemulon album)
Behavioural context under duress (manual & electric stimulation)
Reference Fish, M.P. and W.H. Mowbray, 1970
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cfm script by eagbayani, 21.08.01 ,  php script by rolavides, 2/8/2008 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 03/05/2013