Labeo rohita, Roho labeo : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822)

Roho labeo
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Image of Labeo rohita (Roho labeo)
Labeo rohita
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 5 - m (Ref. 4832), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 32°N - 21°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.
亞洲: 巴基斯坦,印度,孟加拉,緬甸與尼泊爾。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 58.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9987); 最大体重: 45.0 kg (Ref. 9987); 最大年龄: 10 年 (Ref. 56)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe (Ref. 43281).
背鳍有 12-141/2个分支条; 头部的低轮廓显着弓形; 短背鳍有前面的分支条短于头部; 12-16个前背的鳞片 ; 没有侧叶的吻.(参考文献 43281)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rivers (Ref. 4832). A diurnal species and usually solitary. They burrow occasionally. Feed on plants. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity varies from 226,000 to 2,794,000 depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary. Widely introduced outside its native range for stocking reservoirs and aquaculture. Utilized fresh (Ref. 9987).

栖息于河。 (参考文献 4832) 一个日行性种与通常独居性的。 偶然地掘洞穴。 吃植物。 通常产卵季节与西南季风一致。 在被水淹没的河产卵。 孕卵数从 226,000 改变到 2,794,000 仰赖长度与鱼与卵巢的重量的重量。 广泛地在它的原产地的外边引入育种使用水库与水产业。 生鲜使用.(参考文献 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawns in middle reaches of rivers, where flood water spreads in more or less limpid shallows over fertile flats, well above tidal reaches; also in reservoirs and bundh-type tanks. 亞洲: 巴基斯坦,印度,孟加拉,緬甸與尼泊爾。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Khan, H.A. and V.G. Jhingran, 1975. Synopsis of biological data on rohu Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). FAO Fish. Synop. (111):100 p. (Ref. 56)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 March 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - 养殖: 产生, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00729 - 0.01140), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.2   ±0.12 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=3; tmax=10).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 96.7 [32.0, 248.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.601 [0.347, 0.953] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.2 [15.3, 17.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.351 [0.135, 0.931] g/100g ; Selenium = 418 [160, 1,067] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 2.42 [0.89, 7.18] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.844 [0.516, 1.290] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.