Epinephelus longispinis, Longspine grouper : fisheries

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Epinephelus longispinis (Kner, 1864)

Longspine grouper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus longispinis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus longispinis (Longspine grouper)
Epinephelus longispinis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) 鱸形目 (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Kner.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 70 m (Ref. 4319). 熱帶; 17°N - 33°S, 29°E - 137°E (Ref. 5222)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Kenya to South Africa (32°S) and east to the Watubela Group of the eastern Banda Sea. Not known from the Red Sea nor Persian Gulf.
印度-西太平洋: 肯亞到南非 (32個 °S) 而且東至東方班達海的 Watubela 群。 已知不來自紅海也不波斯灣。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 23.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4319); 最大體重: 2.7 kg (Ref. 4787)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 16-17; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. Similar to E. maculatus but fewer spots and posterior ones elongated (Ref. 48635); Characterized by greyish brown color with pale blotches; head with widely scattered brown spots; diagonally elongated spots on body becoming more numerous posteriorly; dorsal fin with large dark blotches; ctenoid scales on body except cycloid on nape, thorax and lower abdomen; body with auxiliary scales; greatest depth of body 2.8-3.3 in SL; slightly rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins 1.8-2.3 in head length (Ref. 90102); head length 2.4-2.6 times in SL; flat to slightly convex interorbital area, convex dorsal head profile; preopercle angle with enlarged serrae and a shallow in indentation just above the angle; straight or slightly convex upper edge of operculum; posterior nostril not much larger than anterior nostril; maxilla reaches to or past vertical at rear edge of eye, ventral edge with blunt hook like process distally in fish larger than 35 cm SL; 2 rows of teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw (Ref. 89707).
類似 E. maculatus ,但是較少的斑點與在後部的一些延長。 (參考文獻 48635)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit coral reefs or rocky areas and occasionally on sandy bottom. Feed mainly on crustaceans, especially crabs and stomatopods, rarely on small fishes, squids, and pelecypod flesh. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166). Solitary (Ref 90102).

棲息於珊瑚礁或岩石區與偶然地在沙質底部上。 主要吃甲殼動物, 尤其螃蟹與口足目甲殼類, 很少在小魚,烏賊與斧足類肉上。 被用於中藥材了。 (參考文獻 12166)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-西太平洋: 肯亞到南非 (32個 °S) 而且東至東方班達海的 Watubela 群。 已知不來自紅海也不波斯灣。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 November 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.6 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 716 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01182 - 0.03368), b=3.14 (3.00 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.62 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 26.8 [14.1, 59.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.443 [0.248, 0.930] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.2, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.128 [0.083, 0.203] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.8 [20.8, 62.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 230 [65, 808] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.24 [0.79, 1.87] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.