Cephalopholis argus, Peacock hind : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Cephalopholis argus Schneider, 1801

Peacock hind
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis argus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephalopholis argus (Peacock hind)
Cephalopholis argus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Serranoidei (Groupers) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; standvastig; diepteverspreiding 1 - 40 m (Ref. 37816), usually 1 - 15 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C; 29°N - 34°S, 33°E - 122°W (Ref. 5222)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Durban, South Africa and eastward to French Polynesia and the Pitcairn group, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. May be confused with Cephalopholis cyanostigma.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 11441); common length : 40.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5450)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 15-17; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: greatest body depth 2.7-3.3 in SL; dorsal soft rays usually 16-17; pectoral fin rays usually 16-17; longitudinal scale series 95-110; caudal fin rounded; pelvic fins short , 1.9-2.4 in head length. Colour of body dark brown, with small black-edged blue spots; often with 5-6 pale bars on rear part of body and a large pale area over the chest (abdominal/pectoral region) (Ref. 39231, 90102).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A generally common species (Ref. 9710). Adults are benthic and benthopelagic in a variety of coral habitats (Ref. 58534, 58302) from tide pools to depths of at least 40 m; preferring the 1 to 10 m reef zone. Juveniles prefer shallow, protected coral thickets (Ref. 37816). Mature adults are found in social units comprising up to 12 adults, including 1 dominant male and each group occupies a specific area (up to 2,000 sq. m.) that is defended by the territorial male and subdivided into secondary territories, each inhabited by a single female (Ref. 39231). At times, they may also be solitary (Ref. 90102). Adults feed mainly on fishes (75-95%) and to a lesser extent on crustaceans. In the Red Sea, they feed early in the morning and late afternoon (Ref. 6775) but in Madagascar, they appear to feed more at night (Ref. 6774). They are implicated in ciguatera at some of the islands in the Pacific region. They can be seen in Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253). They are important to artisanal fisheries throughout the Indo-West Pacific region and often caught with hook-and-line, spear, and in traps (Ref. 39231).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Medewerkers

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 April 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Visserij: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
BRUVS
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.9 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 3533 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00983 - 0.01405), b=3.05 (3.02 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 35.9 [20.5, 60.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.522 [0.290, 0.892] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.6, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.106, 0.263] g/100g ; Selenium = 41.6 [24.0, 68.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 168 [59, 517] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.69 [0.49, 1.14] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.