Channa marulius, Great snakehead : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822)

Great snakehead
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Image of Channa marulius (Great snakehead)
Channa marulius
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) 鱸形目 (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Channidae (Snakeheads) 鱧科 (Snakeheads)
Etymology: Channa: Greek, channe, -es = an anchovy (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243). 熱帶; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: India to China, south to Thailand and Cambodia (Ref. 12693) and Pakistan (Ref. 4833).
亞洲: 印度到中國, 南至泰國與柬埔寨 (參考文獻 12693) 與巴基斯坦。 (參考文獻 4833)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6351); common length : 46.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4833); 最大体重: 30.0 kg (Ref. 4833)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps (Ref. 12693). Inhabit waters with submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. 12693). Usually found only in deep pools in rivers and occasionally in lakes. They enter flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Carnivorous and subsist on fish, frogs, snakes, insects, earthworms and tadpoles (Ref. 1479). There are reports of this species taking water birds, snakes, and rodents. Males are territorial. May bite when caught (Elliot Bligh, pers. comm., 2001).

在管,湖与沼泽中出现于滞流或静止的水。 (参考文献 12693) 栖息于有水下的水生植物的水域。 (参考文献 12693) 通常发现于只在河中的深水池中而且偶见于湖。 进入被水淹没的森林。 (参考文献 9497) 肉食性的而且以鱼,青蛙,蛇,昆虫,蚯蚓与蝌蚪维生.(参考文献 1479) 有带水鸟,蛇与老鼠的这种的报告。 雄姓具有领域性。 可能会咬人当被捕捉时 (Elliot Bligh , pers. comm。, 2001)。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Builds floating nest of weeds and leaves where the orange-yellow eggs are deposited. Eggs hatch in 36 to 48 hours and fry remain in the nest for about 10 days after hatching. Parents guards the fry for about a month.亞洲: 印度到中國, 南至泰國與柬埔寨 (參考文獻 12693) 與巴基斯坦。 (參考文獻 4833)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. (Ref. 94476)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 October 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  引起创伤的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00443 - 0.01185), b=2.92 (2.78 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.23).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.2 [24.1, 97.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.443, 0.898] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.196 [0.083, 0.444] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [22.2, 117.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.5 [18.6, 90.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.659 [0.394, 1.027] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.