Channa marulius, Great snakehead : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822)

Great snakehead
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Channa marulius
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Channidae (Snakeheads)
Etymology: Channa: Greek, channe, -es = an anchovy (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthoplagique; potamodrome (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: India to China, south to Thailand and Cambodia (Ref. 12693) and Pakistan (Ref. 4833).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 6351); common length : 46.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4833); poids max. publié: 30.0 kg (Ref. 4833)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults occur in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps (Ref. 12693). Inhabit waters with submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. 12693). Usually found only in deep pools in rivers and occasionally in lakes. They enter flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Carnivorous and subsist on fish, frogs, snakes, insects, earthworms and tadpoles (Ref. 1479). There are reports of this species taking water birds, snakes, and rodents. Males are territorial. May bite when caught (Elliot Bligh, pers. comm., 2001).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Builds floating nest of weeds and leaves where the orange-yellow eggs are deposited. Eggs hatch in 36 to 48 hours and fry remain in the nest for about 10 days after hatching. Parents guards the fry for about a month.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. (Ref. 94476)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 October 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Traumatogenic





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Sources Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00443 - 0.01185), b=2.92 (2.78 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.23).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.2 [24.1, 97.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.443, 0.898] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.196 [0.083, 0.444] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [22.2, 117.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.5 [18.6, 90.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.659 [0.394, 1.027] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.