Channa marulius, Great snakehead : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822)

Great snakehead
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Image of Channa marulius (Great snakehead)
Channa marulius
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) 鱸形目 (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Channidae (Snakeheads) 鱧科 (Snakeheads)
Etymology: Channa: Greek, channe, -es = an anchovy (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243). 熱帶; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: India to China, south to Thailand and Cambodia (Ref. 12693) and Pakistan (Ref. 4833).
亞洲: 印度到中國, 南至泰國與柬埔寨 (參考文獻 12693) 與巴基斯坦。 (參考文獻 4833)

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 6351); common length : 46.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4833); 最大體重: 30.0 kg (Ref. 4833)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps (Ref. 12693). Inhabit waters with submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. 12693). Usually found only in deep pools in rivers and occasionally in lakes. They enter flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Carnivorous and subsist on fish, frogs, snakes, insects, earthworms and tadpoles (Ref. 1479). There are reports of this species taking water birds, snakes, and rodents. Males are territorial. May bite when caught (Elliot Bligh, pers. comm., 2001).

出現於管,湖與沼澤的滯流或靜止的水。 (參考文獻 12693) 棲息於有水下的水生植物的水域。 (參考文獻 12693) 通常發現於只在河中的深水池中並且偶見於湖。 進入被水淹沒的森林。 (參考文獻 9497) 肉食性的而且以魚,青蛙,蛇,昆蟲,蚯蚓與蝌蚪維生.(參考文獻 1479) 有帶水鳥,蛇與老鼠的這一個種的報告。 雄姓具有領域性。 可能會咬人當被捕捉時 (Elliot Bligh , pers. comm。,2001)。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Builds floating nest of weeds and leaves where the orange-yellow eggs are deposited. Eggs hatch in 36 to 48 hours and fry remain in the nest for about 10 days after hatching. Parents guards the fry for about a month.亞洲: 印度到中國, 南至泰國與柬埔寨 (參考文獻 12693) 與巴基斯坦。 (參考文獻 4833)

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. (Ref. 94476)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 October 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  引起創傷的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00443 - 0.01185), b=2.92 (2.78 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.23).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.2 [24.1, 97.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.443, 0.898] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.196 [0.083, 0.444] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [22.2, 117.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.5 [18.6, 90.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.659 [0.394, 1.027] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.