Channa marulius, Great snakehead : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822)

Great snakehead
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Image of Channa marulius (Great snakehead)
Channa marulius
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Channidae (Snakeheads)
Etymology: Channa: Greek, channe, -es = an anchovy (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Asia: India to China, south to Thailand and Cambodia (Ref. 12693) and Pakistan (Ref. 4833).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 6351); common length : 46.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 4833); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 30.0 kg (Ref. 4833)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults occur in sluggish or standing water in canals, lakes, and swamps (Ref. 12693). Inhabit waters with submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. 12693). Usually found only in deep pools in rivers and occasionally in lakes. They enter flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Carnivorous and subsist on fish, frogs, snakes, insects, earthworms and tadpoles (Ref. 1479). There are reports of this species taking water birds, snakes, and rodents. Males are territorial. May bite when caught (Elliot Bligh, pers. comm., 2001).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Builds floating nest of weeds and leaves where the orange-yellow eggs are deposited. Eggs hatch in 36 to 48 hours and fry remain in the nest for about 10 days after hatching. Parents guards the fry for about a month.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Kottelat, M., 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 2013 (Suppl. 27):1-663. (Ref. 94476)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 124695)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 06 October 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Traumatogenic





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Budidaya air: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00454 - 0.01328), b=2.98 (2.83 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.23).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.2 [24.1, 97.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.627 [0.443, 0.898] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.196 [0.083, 0.444] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [22.2, 117.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.5 [18.6, 90.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.659 [0.394, 1.027] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.