Pomadasys jubelini, Sompat grunt : fisheries

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Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830)

Sompat grunt
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Pomadasys jubelini   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumtre dmersal; profondeur ? - 100 m (Ref. 57395), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 2683). Tropical; 20°C - ? (Ref. 2799); 20°N - 23°S, 26°W - 16°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Mauritania (Ref. 7376, 57395) to southern Angola (Ref. 2799, 57395).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 13.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 57395); common length : 45.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 3660)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11 - 12; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-17; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 9; Vertèbres: 27. Diagnosis: body oblong and compressed, not very deep (Ref. 57395). Snout short and pointed (Ref. 57395), obtuse (Ref. 81655), distinctly longer than eye diameter (Ref. 57395). 2 anterior pores on chin, followed by a median pit bearing openings of another pair of pores (Ref. 57395). A deep groove (Ref. 57395) and a pore above maxilla, below the preorbital bone (Ref. 57395, 81655). Last dorsal spine longer than penultimate one (Ref. 81655). Second anal fin spine longer and stouter than third (Ref. 57395, 81655), third anal spine may also be thick but always shorter (Ref. 81655). Caudal fin slightly forked; scales slightly ctenoid; 4-5 scale rows between lateral line and middle of spinous dorsal-fin base; swim bladder simple, without anterior horns (Ref. 57395). 11-13/1/3-6 (total 16-20) gill rakers on first gill arch; 6-7 scales on upper part of transverse series; 20-22 scales around middle of caudal peduncle (Ref. 81655). Coloration: silvery, with round, dark brown or black and irregularly scattered spots following scale rows on back and sides (Ref. 57395, 81655). Small-sized specimens <60 mm SL may lack spots, from this size on spots gradually become visible and pattern is well-developed in specimens of about 100 mm SL or larger; no spot on snout (Ref. 81655). Black opercular spot present at angle of opercle (Ref. 57395, 81655). Dorsal and caudal fins grey (Ref. 57395).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit sandy and muddy bottoms of coastal waters and estuaries (Ref. 2683). Sometimes found in freshwater (Ref. 2135, 57395, 81655). Feeds on fish (Ref. 28587) and (benthic) crustaceans (Ref. 28587, 81655) as well as on mollusks and worms (Ref. 27121, 81655). Breeds in brackish water lagoons and estuaries, and even freshwaters (Ref. 57395). Of all grunts found in the continental waters of Lower Guinea, this species is found farthest upstream and seems best adapted to freshwater environments (Ref. 81655).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Bauchot, M.-L., 2003. Haemulidae. p. 495-503 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57395)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 May 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intrt commercial mineur
FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.4 °C (based on 82 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00796 - 0.01815), b=2.95 (2.83 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.3).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.70, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 138 [74, 257] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.61, 1.89] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.7, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.443 [0.200, 0.890] g/100g ; Selenium = 75.7 [37.3, 152.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.7 [6.4, 34.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.26 [0.76, 1.90] mg/100g (wet weight);