Myliobatis aquila, Common eagle ray : fisheries, gamefish

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Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common eagle ray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myliobatis aquila   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myliobatis aquila (Common eagle ray)
Myliobatis aquila
Picture by Murch, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays)
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 深度上下限 1 - 300 m (Ref. 4440), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 60°N - 36°S, 32°W - 58°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Madeira, Morocco and the Canary Islands north to the western coasts of Ireland and British Isles and the southwestern North Sea, south to Natal, South Africa. Also throughout the Mediterranean.
東大西洋: 馬得拉群島, 摩洛哥與加納利群島北至愛爾蘭的西海岸,而且英國人成為島嶼,而且北海西南方, 南至南非的納塔爾。 也在地中海各處。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm WD 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4440); 最大体重: 14.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

A plain eagleray with a short, rounded snout; disc with broadly angular corners, and upper or lower jaw usually with 7 rows of plate-like teeth (Ref. 5578). Brown or blackish dorsally, white ventrally (Ref. 5578). No caudal fin (Ref. 5578).
一个单色的鹰 具有一个短,圆形的吻; 宽广地体盘有棱角,而且上颌或下颌通常有 7 列的板状齿。 (参考文献 5578) 褐色或黑色的背面, 腹侧白色的.(参考文献 5578) 没有尾鳍.(参考文献 5578)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in shallow lagoons (Ref. 3965), bays and estuaries; also offshore down to at least 95 m (Ref. 5578). Often found in groups (Ref. 5578). Feeds on benthic crustaceans, mollusks and fish. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Gestation period of 6-8 months, the females give birth to 3-7 young (Ref. 35388). Caught by shore and ski-boat anglers, usually released after capture (Ref. 5578). Flesh is highly esteemed (Ref. 3965).

发现于泻湖浅滩 (参考文献 3965) ,海湾与河口了; 也外海向下至至少 95 公尺.(参考文献 5578) 经常被成群发现。 (参考文献 5578) 吃底栖的甲壳动物,软件动物与鱼。 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449) 6-8个月的妊娠期, 雌性对 3-7个幼鱼生产.(参考文献 35388) 被海岸与雪橇船垂钓者捕获了, 通常释放在抓取之后.(参考文献 5578) 肉是深受喜爱的。 (参考文献 3965)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).東大西洋: 馬得拉群島, 摩洛哥與加納利群島北至愛爾蘭的西海岸,而且英國人成為島嶼,而且北海西南方, 南至南非的納塔爾。 也在地中海各處。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

McEachran, J.D. and B. Séret, 1990. Myliobatididae. p. 67-70. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4440)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  极度濒危 (CR) (A2bd); Date assessed: 04 August 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.7 - 19.8, mean 15.2 °C (based on 318 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00121 - 0.01252), b=3.08 (2.83 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.54 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 27.9 [3.0, 162.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.19, 4.06] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.1, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.387 [0.124, 1.172] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [5.2, 125.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.34 [1.27, 31.23] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.735 [0.186, 3.006] mg/100g (wet weight);