Candidia barbata

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Candidia barbata (Regan, 1908)

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Candidia barbata
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Xenocyprididae (East Asian minnows)
Etymology: Candidia: Latin, candidus, candere = to be white, glisten (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Regan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; 深度上下限 - 10 m (Ref. 6898), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C -

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: endemic to Taiwan.
亞洲: 台灣的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.9 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 79878)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 10; 臀鳍软条: 12 - 13. Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Candidia by the following unique combination of characters: dorsal fin with iii,7 rays; anal fin with iii,9-10 rays; pectoral fin with I, 13-15 rays ; scales on lateral line 51-60; scales above lateral line11-13; scales below lateral line 4-6; predorsal scales 22-26; gill rakers 2-3 + 6-7 (total 9-10); pharyngeal teeth usually 1,4,5 -4,4,1; shallow ventral keel on the posterior half of region between pelvic fin and anus; cheek with a series of 4-6 nuptial tubercles and lower jaw in adult males with 3-5 nuptial tubercles; eye large, check depth about 1.5-2.0 times of eye diameter in adult male; body with a broad, longitudinal bluish-black stripe from upper opercle to caudal fin base, which is irregular and interrupted on anterior half region and forming a large round black mark on caudal fin base; dorsal half of lateral usually uniform dark grayish with very narrow grayish region above bluish-black stripe; ventral half with some blackish brown small spots; and eye with semicircular red-black region on the dorsal one-third to half of eye iris (Ref. 79878). Caudal peduncle slender and belly rounded; barbels 1 pair, minute and located in corner of mouth; lateral line curves downward near belly and upward to middle after reaching caudal peduncle (Ref. 45563).
体色暗褐色的背面, 白灰色在腹面上; 与蓝黑色的纵带沿着身体的侧部。 尾柄细长的与腹面圆的; 触须 1对, 细小的而且位于了嘴角; 侧线弯曲向下的近腹面而且在达到尾柄之后向上到中央.(参考文献 45563)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives in upper reaches of rivers and likes to stay in clear waters with lower temperature (Ref. 45563).

生活在河的上游而且类似用低的温度停留在清澈的水域中。 (参考文献 45563)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

亞洲: 台灣的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Chen, I.-S., J.-H. Wu and C.-H. Hsu, 2008. The taxonomy and phylogeny of Candidia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Taiwan, with description of a new species and comments on a new genus. The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:203-214. (Ref. 79878)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  不评价 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

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Otoliths
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眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00276 - 0.01257), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 368 [144, 648] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.56 [1.45, 4.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.6, 18.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.409 [0.204, 0.837] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.3 [6.8, 51.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 58.6 [20.9, 166.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.16 [1.46, 3.19] mg/100g (wet weight);