Fishes Used by Humans (based on FishBase 02/2022 )
  Species total Families Remarks
n % n % Click to see the number of species per Class, Order and Family.
Extant finfish 34,847 100 601 100
Used in fisheries 4,656 16.3 383 72.5 Industrial and artisanal fisheries.
Used in Aquaculture 358 1.2 93 17.6 Commercially used for aquaculture, either for food or stock enhancement.
Used as bait 205 0.7 58 11 Used as bait fishes.
In ornamental trade 3,240 11.3 213 40.3 Commercial aquarium species.
     marine 1,332
     freshwater 1,908
     mainly bred 710
Used as sport fish 1,140 4 203 38.4 Game fishes.

Total used by humans 7,406 25.9 431 81.6 Used in fisheries, aquaculture, as bait, ornamental, or game fish.

Finfish Affected by Humans

Threatened 3,154 11 244 46.2 Threatened fishes in IUCN Red List.
Introduced 930 3.2 192 36.4 Transferred to and established in another country

Finfish Affecting Humans

Dangerous 1,041 3.6 146 27.7 Poisonous, venomous, traumatogenic, pests, etc.

Note: The above numbers are based on the reported use of fishes, i.e., each record has a reference. The number for Fisheries is underestimated because many species that are important in artisanal fisheries are not reported in the literature. The same is true for bait fishes.

Number of finfish in FishBase as of 02/2022
Species (including subspecies): 34,847
Only in fresh waters:: 15,863
Only in marine waters: 15,855
Brackish or diadromous : 3,128

By Class:
Hagfishes (Myxini) 88
Lampreys (Petromyzonti) 49
Chimaeras (Holocephali) 55
Sharks and rays (Elasmobranchii) 1,254
Ray-finned fishes (Actinopteri) 33,375
Bichirs (Cladistii) 14
Lobe-finned fishes (Coelacanthi) 2
Lungfishes (Dipneusti) 6