Acanthocobitis botia (Hamilton, 1822)
Mottled loach
Pate gadela,  Baghe,  Sand loach
Acanthocobitis botia
photo by Greco, F.M.

Family:  Nemacheilidae (Brook loaches)
Max. size:  14.87 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; pH range: 7.19999980926514; dH range: 25
Distribution:  Asia: Indus basin in Pakistan to the Mae Khlong basin in Thailand through Ganges, Chindwin, Irrawaddy, Sitang and Salween basins. Recorded also from Yunnan, China.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Distinguished from its congeners by the absence of a suborbital flap in male, the flap being replaced by a suborbital groove; lateral line reaches at least to anus (Ref. 39226).
Biology:  Adults inhabit clear water, swift flowing streams with rocky, pebbly and sandy bottoms (Ref. 1479).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 March 2007 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Widespread in the tributaries of Gandaki, Koshi and Karnali, preferring rocky pools of rhithron streams (Ref. 57735). Used in folk medicine and as ornamental fish by Buddhists (Ref. 12045). Also Ref. 40948. Status of Threat: Data deficient pristine rare ornamental species (Ref. 85009).

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 11.08.94
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 27.02.18

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