Hypoplectrus ecosur Victor, 2012
Spotted hamlet
Hypoplectrus ecosur
photo by Carlson, B.

Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets)
Max. size:  10 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 10 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Mexico (known only from off Contoy, at the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula); but may extend into the Gulf of Mexico and Cuba.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 7-7. This species has the usual color and patterns of the brown Barred Hamlet but with some distinguishing markings: a pair of dark rounded spots found at the base of the caudal fin, above and below the midline, usually symmetrical, present on all stages, including adults; a series of four dark brown to black spots at the upper rear body with one smaller rounded spot at the dorsal edge of the narrow mid-body bar (fourth bar), a larger oval blotch, vertically elongated at the anterior upper end of the fifth bar, a smaller flattened spot at the rear upper edge of the fifth bar below the base of the last dorsal-fin rays, and a narrow squared blotch on the upper caudal peduncle filling the space between two thin blue bars (not the full width of the sixth bar); characters not frequent on Caribbean Barred Hamlets, but associated with this species and H. floridae, include the bar under the eye being orange, even when the body bars are brown, plus a dusky pelvic fin (Ref. 91468).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 09 January 2014 Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

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