Common name of Argyrosomus regius
Common name hama
Language Serbian
Type Vernacular
Official trade name No
Rank 3 - (Other common name)
Country Serbia
Locality Ulcinj, Sutomore
Ref. Jardas, I., 1996
Life stage juveniles and adults
Sex females and males
Core primary lexeme
1st modifier
2nd modifier
Remarks Wrong identified in Vinja 1986, I 418 (Dentex gibbossus). The word is borrowed from Albanian amë / ama (Argyrosomus regius), which is, we believe, derived from Albanian ham 'stud horse'- other Names in Serbian and Croatian for the fish from the same family (Sciaenidae) are konj 'horse' and kavalo < Italian cavallo 'horse'. The only genuine name for AR is hama, which is used in Ulcinj. It’s a place in the South of Montenegro, the only one in Serbia and Montenegro and Croatia where AR is often and regular caught- at the mouth of Bojana River, near the Albanian border, so it’s no wonder that this name became the official name for AR [accepted in 52801; further in Basioli, Josip: Sportski riblovov na Jadranu,Zagreb1984]. It is always difficult to say to which fish from family Sciaenidae one name refers. Only the most experienced fishers don’t mix the Corvina nigra and Umbrina cirrosa (and even Argyrosomus regius- which is very, very rare). In the vernaculars, the bellow listed names often designate two, or even all three species [Vinja 1986, 31.0 ff.]. Here are all names recorded for Corvina nigra (CN) + Umbrina cirrosa (UC) (and Argyrosomus regius- AR): argo (UC), argan (UC), bradavièar (UC), dronj (UC), govno (UC), [grbiæ (UC)], hrb (CN), krb (AR), grb (AR, UC), [grb pravi (AR)], ham (AR), harba (UC), harbul (UC), hrb (UC), kaval (CN, UC), kavala (CN, UC), kavalin (CN), kavalo (CN), kon (CN), konj (CN, UC), krap (CN), koraf (UC), korba (UC) korbea (UC), korbel (UC), korbela (UC), korbet (UC), korbeto (UC) kordel (UC), koštaèa (UC), krap (UC), krap vodeni (UC), krb (UC), kurbej (UC), kurbeja (UC), kurbel (UC), kurbelj (UC), kurben (CN), kurber (CN), kurbeš (CN), kurbet (UC), kurijal (UC), kurjal (UC), kurjan (UC), kurjel (UC), lodo (UC), mesan (CN), [morski orao (AR)], ombla (CN), ombra (CN), ombrela (CN), orgo [?] (CN), pešikaval (CN), pešekavalo (UC), pešlavaè (CN), salamaun (UC), sokol (AR), som (UC), [sjenka (AR)], šalomun (UC), škrapan (CN), umbrela (UC), vrana [?] (UC).
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