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Synodontis marmoratus  Lönnberg, 1895

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Synodontis marmoratus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059); 5°N - 3°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Sanaga, Nyong and Meme Rivers in Cameroon (Ref. 81251).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81251)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 13. Maxillary barbels without basal membrane, reaching to the anterior half of the humeral process and longer than the head; mandibular barbels with short, broad branches (Ref. 81251). Snout subconical; lips moderately developed (Ref. 81251). Premaxillary teeth forming a short but wide band; 22 to 24 movable mandibular teeth (Ref. 81251). Humeral process is twice as long as wide (Ref. 81251). Dorsal spine weakly serrated along the posterior edge but not along the anterior edge; adipose fin as long or only slightly shorter than its distance from the first dorsal fin; pectoral spines are strongly serrated along both edges; pelvic fin not reaching the anal fin (Ref. 81251). Caudal peduncle longer than deep (Ref. 81251). Colour: Body brownish or blackish, marbled with white; fins are whitish marbled with black (Ref. 81251).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fermon, Y., J. Friel, H.H. Ng and D. De Weirdt, 2007. Mochokidae. p. 698-752. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp. (Ref. 81251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00624 - 0.03055), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .