Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?; 3°S - 9°S
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, fairly common (Ref. 59365) and distributed throughout the lake (Ref. 78218).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3202)
Found in littoral to benthic zones over shell (Ref. 59365), sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 4967, 59365). Has been captured from depths of 120-140 m (Ref. 27623). Diet consists of gastropods, lamellibranchs, insect larvae, ostracods and shrimps (Ref. 36901). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Wright, J.J. and L.M. Page, 2006. Taxonomic revision of Lake Tanganyikan Synodontis (Siluriformes: Mochokidae). Bull. Florida Mus. Nat Hist. 46(4):99-154. (Ref. 59365)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00615 - 0.03096), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .