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Synodontis budgetti  Boulenger, 1911

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Boulenger.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.2 - 7.2; dH range: 6 - 20.   Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?; 10°N - 4°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to the Niger River basin, including the Benue (Ref. 57223). Report from the Ouémé (Benin) (Ref. 3202) refers to misidentified S. melanopterus specimens (see DVD version of Ref. 57223). Report from the Chari-Logone (Chad basin) in Central African Republic (see map in Ref. 57223) questionable.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31256)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Anal spines: 0. Diagnosis: gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin insertions; maxillary barbels distinctly fringed, longer than head, unbranched and lacking tubercles, but with a broad, long and dark basal membrane; outer mandibular barbels with few simple, short ramifications, inner mandibular barbels with tuberculate, subdivided branches; mandibular teeth moderately developed, numbering 45-64 (64 in the holotype); denticulations on pectoral-fin spines weaker on outer than on inner margin; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly; first ray of dorsal and pectoral fins, as well as both caudal-fin lobes extended into filaments; humeral process pointed, granulose, its ventral margin keeled and bearing 3 backward-pointing spines (sometimes only 1 or 2 in young individuals); adipose fin normally developed and distinctly separated from rayed dorsal fin (Ref. 57223). Coloration: ground colour uniformly greenish-yellow; series of black spots sometimes present on fins in young individuals (Ref. 57223).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum size 395mm TL, 297mm SL (Ref. 57223).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00255 - 0.01493), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.